Propagative plant material and other commodities that require an import permit if originating from the Continental United States

All products of biotechnology unapproved for unconfined release in Canada, such as plants with novel traits (including transgenic plants) and their products require a permit to import. See: D-96-13.

The prior approval process and import requirements for plants rooted in approved media (Canadian Growing Media Program) is subject to D-96-20.

Scientific NameCommon NameRegulated Areas / RestrictionDirective
Abies Fir
(except for seeds)
All states but prohibited entry to British Columbia. D-98-09
D-98-02
L12 (81-06-29) (Contact the CFIA)
Ajania chrysanthemum All states but must be from an approved grower for California, Delaware, Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania and from approved counties for Oregon and Washington. D-97-05
Allium
(for planting)
garlic, onion, chive, leek, shallot All states D-94-26
D-89-09
(89-06-15) (Contact the CFIA)
Allium
(rootcrops for consumption)
garlic, onion, chive, leek, shallot New York D-94-26
Arachis hypogaea
(seeds)
Peanut (in the shell or without shell) All states L6D
 (87-07-06)
QC10C
(77-01-20)
(Contact the CFIA)
Arachis hypogaea
(for consumption)
Peanut (in the shell) New York D-94-26
Avena
(seeds and grains, straw and hay, compost)
Oat Arizona D-99-01
Berberis barberry
Approved species only
(See Appendix 1)
(including seeds)
All states (per exporter) D-01-04
Berberis thunbergii barberry
Approved species only
(See Appendix 1)
(including seeds)
All states but must be from approved facilities D-01-04
Capsicum pepper All states Plant Health Early Warning System, Issue: 0301
(03-01-09) (Contact the CFIA)
Castanea chestnut (including seeds) All states  D-99-03
D-98-09
D-83-01
(83-01-09)
(Contact the CFIA)
Castanopsis chinquapin
(except for seeds)
All states D-99-03
D-98-09
Chaenomeles flowering quince
(including decorative branches, except for seeds)
Must be from approved facilities for California, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Washington. Other states are non-authorized. D-08-04
D-98-09
D-94-35
Chrysanthemum chrysanthemum All states but must be from an approved grower for California, Delaware, Maryland, New York, Oregon and Pennsylvania or from approved counties for Oregon and Washington. D-97-05
Corylus
(plants, except sterile tissue cultured plantlets for planting)
cobnut, filbert, hazelnut All States. Prohibited entry to British Columbia except with an import permit from Alabama, Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada and Utah. D-00-03
D-98-09
Corylus
(seeds)
Cobnut, filbert, hazelnut All states. Prohibited entry to British Columbia including raw nuts. D-83-02
(83-01-10)
(Contact the CFIA)
Corylus
nuts for consumption
Cobnut, filbert, hazelnut cured, processed, graded Destined to British Columbia D-83-02
(83-01-10)
(Contact the CFIA)
Crataegus hawthorn
(except for seeds)
All states. If destined to British Columbia must be without soil, except from counties in California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington D-00-07
D-98-09
Cuscuta Dodder (parasitic plant)
(including seeds)
Not admissible from any states D-98-06
Cydonia quince
(including decorative branches)
Must be from approved facilities for California, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Washington. Other states are non-authorized D-08-04
D-98-09
D-94-35
Dendranthema spp.
Dendranthemum spp. chrysanthemum
chrysanthemum All states but must be from an approved grower for California, Delaware, Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania and from approved counties for Oregon and Washington. D-97-05
Frangula Cascara
coffeeberry
Not admissible from all states Plant Protection Regulations
Fraxinus
(plants)
ash (except for seeds) All states except Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin which are prohibited D-03-08
D-98-09
Gaylussacia
(plants with roots)
huckleberry All states.  D-02-04
Hordeum
(seeds and grains, straw and hay, compost)
barley Arizona D-99-01
Juniperus juniper (except for seeds)  All states D-98-09
D-97-01
Leucanthemella serotina chrysanthemum All states but must be from an approved grower for California, Delaware, Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania and from approved counties for Oregon and Washington. D-97-05
Larix larch (except for seeds) All states D-98-09
D-97-10
Lithocarpus tanbark oak (except for seeds) All states  D-99-03
D-98-09
Mahoberberis
Mahonia
Hybrid of mahonia, mahonia
(Approved species only (See Appendix 1), including seeds)
All states
D-01-04
Malus apple, crab apple, including decorative branches
(except for seeds)
Must be from approved facilities for California, Idaho, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Washington. Other states are non-authorized.  If destined to British Columbia, must be without soil, except from counties in California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. D-08-04
D-00-07
D-98-09
D-96-02
D-94-35
Nicotiana All species Not admissible from all states, excluding seed. Plant Health Early Warning System, Issue: 0301
(03-01-09)
Memorandum
(80/05/20) (Contact the CFIA)
Nipponanthemum
Nipponicom
Chrysanthemum All states but must be from an approved grower for California, Delaware, Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania and from approved counties for Oregon and Washington. D-97-05
Orobranche Broomrape (parasitic plant)
(including seeds)
Not admissible from any states D-98-06
Panax
(fresh roots for consumption or processing)
Ginseng New York D-94-25
Picea jezoensis Yeddo Spruce (excluding seeds) Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia require a permit except if destined to British Columbia D-07-05
Picea polita Tigertail Spruce (excluding seeds) Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia require a permit except if destined to British Columbia D-07-05
Pinus pine (except for seeds) All states D-98-09
D-98-02
D-94-22
Pinus
(logs with bark)
pine Going into a processing facility, a permit to import is required from pine shoot beetle regulated areas to the United States to regulated areas of Canada (see Appendix 1 of D-94-22) D-98-09
D-94-22
Prunus almond, apricot, cherry, chokecherry, nectarine, peach, plum (including decorative branches; kernels and seeds) Must be from approved facilities for California, Delaware, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Washington. Other states are non-authorized D-08-04
D-99-07
D-98-09
D-94-35
D-00-07
Pseudolarix golden larch (except for seeds) All states D-98-09
D-97-10
Pyrus pear, including decorative branches (except for seeds) Must be from approved facilities for California, Idaho, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania and Washington. Other states are non-authorized. D-08-04
D-98-09
D-94-35
Quercus oak (except for seeds) All states D-99-03
D-98-09
Rhamnus Buckthorn
(including seeds)
Not admissible from all states Plant Protection Regulations
Salix willow, excluding decorative branches and seeds All states  D-08-04
D-98-09
No. 001.0
(86-06-16) (Contact the CFIA)
Secale
(seeds and grains, straw and hay, compost)
Rye Arizona D-99-01
Solanum tuberosum
(for planting)
potato All states D-98-01
Solanum tuberosum
(on bulk, unwashed for repacking and on bulk, washed or unwashed for processing)
potato California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Washington D-96-05
Striga Witchweed
(parasitic plant)
(including seeds)
Not admissible from all states D-98-06
Triticum
(seeds and grains, straw and hay, compost)
wheat Arizona D-99-01
Tsuga Hemlock (excluding seeds) Alaska, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia require a permit except if destined to British Columbia D-07-05
Ulmus elm (except for seeds) All states but only allowed into Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. D-98-09
D-97-07
QC12C
(77-03-10)
(Contact the CFIA)
Vaccinium
(plants with roots)
blueberry, cranberry (V. oxycoccus) except cranberry commonly used for commerce (V. macrocarpon), deerberry, lingonberry All states. D-02-04
Vitis grapevine (except for seeds) Must be from approved facilities for California, Oregon and Washington. Other states are non-authorized D-94-35
X-Triticosecale
(seeds and grains, straw and hay, compost)
Triticale Arizona D-99-01
Zelkova elm (except for seeds) All states but only allowed into Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. D-98-09
D-97-07
QC 12C
(77-03-10)
(Contact the CFIA)
Commodity NameDescriptionRegulated Areas/RestrictionDirective
Exhibitions Plants, seeds and plant products for exhibition purposes All states D-94-31
Firewood all species All states, but prohibited from Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia and Wisconsin. D-03-08
D-01-12
D-98-09
Growing media CGMP California D-96-20
D-01-01
Houseplants for personal use See: Annex 7 - examples of eligible and non-eligible plants Refer to specific genus D-08-04
Insects and other invertebrates various species (see Appendix 1 for material that does not require an permit to import) All states D-96-14
Logs/Lumber and wood products various species Please refer to the specific directives D-03-08
D-02-12
D-01-12
D-01-01
D-00-08
D-99-03
D-98-09
D-98-08
D-97-10
D-94-22
Mushroom-spawn spawn of Armillaria spp.
(honey mushroom and Armillariella spp.)
All states. Other mushroom spawns (except those known to have hallucinogenic properties) are exempt from the permit to import. D-96-14
Pollen
(for planting)
all species other than Prunus spp. (which are prohibited) All states Memorandum (1987-05/04) (Contact the CFIA)
Root crops
(edible roots)
(e.g., sugar beet, carrot, chicory root, ginger root, yam, truffle, onion, garlic, shallot, peanut in shell, etc.) New York D-94-26
Soil and related matter (without plants) compost, earth, clay, sand and humus All states D-95-26
D-01-01
Snails
(for consumption)
live, terrestrial (land) snails All states - Admissible only for controlled and restricted species. Other species non-authorized. D-96-14
D-90-07
No. 018-0
(90-03-02)
(Contact the CFIA)
Snails
(for propagation)
live, terrestrial (land) snails All states D-96-14
Straw and hay Barley, oat, rye, triticale, wheat Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas but importation prohibited from infested counties RMD-07-02
D-99-01

Note: This document will be revised on a regular basis.