D- 95-09: REPEALED - Importation of Dried Plant Material

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Effective Date: August 5, 2009
(2nd Revision)


This directive states the Plant Health import requirements for dried plant material from all countries.

This directive has been revised to update the review date, as well as minor administrative changes. The content of this directive has not changed.

Table of Contents


This directive will be reviewed every five years. The next review date for this directive is August 5, 2014. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).


Approved by:

Chief Plant Health Officer

Amendment Record

Amendments to this directive will be dated and distributed as outlined in the distribution below.


  1. Directive mail list (Regions, PHRA, USDA)
  2. Provincial Government, Industry (determined by Author)
  3. National Industry Organizations (determined by Author)
  4. Internet


Past experience has demonstrated that dried plant material present little risk of introducing pests. The most common uses of this material is for human consumption and non-propagative household purposes such as decoration, which further decreases the risk of pest introduction.

However, some dried plant material, such as herbs and spices, may carry stored product pests including the Khapra beetle.


This directive is intended for the use of Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) staff, Canada Border Services Agency staff, National Plant Protection Organizations and any individual or company intending to import dried plant material from all countries into Canada.


ISPM No. 5, Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms, 2003, FAO (updated annually).

D-08-04: Plant Protection Import Requirements for Plants and Plant Parts for Planting: Preventing the Entry and Spread of Regulated Plant Pests Associated with the Plants for Planting Pathway

D-01-01: The Phytosanitary Requirements to prevent the entry of Phytophthora Ramorum.

RMD-07-02: Pest Name – Cereal Leaf Beetle (Oulema melanopus [L.])

This directive supersedes D-95-09 (1st Revision).

Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms

Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.

1.0 General Requirements

1.1 Legislative Authority

The Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c. 22
The Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette: Part I (as amended from time to time)

1.2 Fees

The CFIA is charging fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, please contact the Import Service Centre (ISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice Web Site.

2.0 Policy

The following dried plant material does not require a Permit to Import, nor a Phytosanitary Certificate from all countries.

  1. dried flowers and plants;
  2. herbarium specimens;
  3. herbs, spices, and teas;
  4. dried plant material for cosmetic, medicinal or industrial use, including leaves, stems, and roots;
  5. coconut fibre products;
  6. open dried coniferous tree cones that have expelled all their seeds;
  7. straw ornaments that have been shellacked or subjected to some other treatments acceptable by the CFIA.

The following plant material is excluded from this policy:

  1. seeds of plants;
  2. wood and wood products;
  3. untreated hay and cereal straw from countries other than the United States;
  4. fresh tree or shrub branches including decorative material that have not been dried (e.g. Malus, Pyrus, Prunus, Salix, and Vitis);
  5. pine wreaths and boughs, e.g. Christmas wreaths and boughs;
  6. plant cuttings or other propagative plant parts for propagative use.

Please consult other relevant Plant Health directives for the import requirements of this material.

Imported dried plant material is subject to inspection in Canada on an audit basis and must be free of soil if originating from countries other than continental United States. Imported dried plant material should also be free of quarantine pests and practically free of other injurious plant pests.

Any imported material not in compliance may be refused entry, returned to origin, or disposed of. If determined feasible by the inspector, such shipments may be rerouted to other destinations, or diverted to approved processing facilities, provided such a course of action does not cause unwarranted pest risk.