2016-2017 Plant Protection Survey Report:
Executive Summary

The complete text of this report is available upon request.

The objectives of the Plant Protection program within the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) are to prevent the introduction and spread within Canada of plant pests of quarantine significance, to detect and control or eradicate designated plant pests in Canada, and to certify plants and plant products for domestic and export trade.

Surveys support the Plant Protection Program in a number of ways. They help to detect new populations of quarantine pests or potential quarantine pests being considered for regulation. Delimitation surveys are also conducted to determine the range of pest populations with limited distributions in Canada (ISPM no 08). Surveillance data allows Canada to maintain claims of Pest Free Area (ISPM no 04), Pest Free Place of Production & Pest Free Production Site (ISPM no 10) status, and supports our ability to meet a number of international phytosanitary standards under the International Plant Protection Convention. Surveys provide information in support of import, export and domestic regulatory programs. They are a key contribution to policy development and trade negotiations. In all cases, reliable and accurate pest distribution data provides the basis for sound regulatory decisions. The information may be used for a variety of purposes, including reasons for removing, altering, or even not establishing a quarantine regulation. Plant pest surveys are also an integral part of control and eradication programs (ISPM no 09).

In the 2016–2017 fiscal year (April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017), the CFIA conducted surveys for the plant pests listed below. Ask for the complete text of the report for information on follow-up actions taken on each of the pest detections.

2016-2017 Survey Results for Forest Pests
Forest Pests Provinces Surveyed Results Table Note 1
Asian longhorned beetle
(Anoplophora glabripennis)
BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL No detections.
Emerald ash borer
(Agrilus planipennis)
BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL ON: New detections in Thunder Bay.
QC: New detections in Joliette, Saint-Gabriel, Berthierville, and Lavaltrie.
Invasive alien forest insect BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL No new regulated pests.
European gypsy moth
(Lymantria dispar dispar)
BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL BC: Detections at 11 sites for a total of 34 specimens (Burnaby, Campbell River, Courtenay, Kent, Langford, Saanich, Surrey).
AB: Detections at one site near Jasper and one site at Sylvan Lake, each with 1 specimen.
SK: Detection at one site in Regina with 1 specimen.
MB: 10 positive sites in Lee River for a total of 11 specimens.
ON: 68 traps with male moth captures. 78 egg masses were submitted from 6 sites in Sudbury District and Greater Sudbury Division.
QC: Detections at 23 sites for a total of 29 specimens.
NB: Detections at 96 sites with a total of 318 male moths collected.
NS: Detections at 62 sites for a total of 276 male moths. One old egg mass (laid in 2015 or earlier) was collected in Antigonish.
PE: Detections at 110 sites for a total of 855 male moths collected. There were other life stages (egg masses and pupal cases) collected in eight communities in Prince County (Alberton, Bloomfield, Campbellton, Mount Royal, O'Leary, Tignish, Woodstock, and Bordan).
NL: Detection at 3 sites with a total of 6 specimens (Bay Bulls, Goulds, and St. John's).
Brown spruce longhorn beetle (Tetropium fuscum) QC, NB, PE, NL NB: Detected at three sites in Westmorland County.
Pine shoot beetle
(Tomicus piniperda)
NB No detections.
Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae) ON, QC, NB, NS No detections.
Scleroderris canker (Gremmeniella abietina) NL NL: Detected at 2 sites outside of the regulated area.
2016-2017 Survey Results for Horticultural Pests
Horticultural Pests Provinces Surveyed Results Table Note 1
Ramorum blight
(Phytophthora ramorum)
BC, ON, QC, NS BC: Detected at one site in Richmond.
Oriental fruit moth
(Grapholita molesta)
BC No detections.
Japanese beetle
(Popillia japonica)
BC, NL NL: Detected at one site in Spaniard's Bay and at one site in St. John's.
Blueberry maggot
(Rhagoletis mendax)
BC, ON, QC, NL No new detections.
Apple maggot
(Rhagoletis pomonella)
BC BC: Detected at one site in Kelowna.
Anoplophora nursery survey BC, ON, QC, NS No detections.
Non-Native Rhagoletis species ON ON: European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) was detected at five sites in southern Ontario.
Tobacco blue mold (Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp. tabacina) BC No detections.
Plum pox virus ON No detections.
2016-2017 Survey Results for Grain & Field Crop Pests
Grain & Oilseed Pests Provinces Surveyed Results Table Note 1
Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium) BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS No detections.
2016-2017 Survey Results for Seed Potato Pests
Seed Potato Pests Provinces Surveyed Results Table Note 1
Potato cyst nematode
(Globodera rostochiensis, G. pallida)
BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL No detections.
Potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum) PE, NL No detections.
2016-2017 Survey Results for the Invasive Alien Species Domestic Plant Health Program (IASDP)
IASDP Pests Provinces Surveyed Results Table Note 1
Invasive plant survey – Field survey BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE No detections.
Invasive plant survey – Seed and grain handling facilities BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE No detections.
Asian gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar asiatica or Lymantria dispar japonica) BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL No detections.

Table Note

Table note 1

No detections other than those specified in Results column.

Return to table note 1  referrer

The CFIA's Plant Health Surveillance Unit (PHSU) is also dedicated to preventative science and research that supports risk mitigation and early detection. Research projects in which the PHSU have been involved in 2016-17 and that are described in the report include:

  • Collaborative plant health diagnostic pilot project with the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph
  • Enhancing detection efficacy for hemlock woolly adelgid
  • Assessing the practicality and utility of drone technology for ALHB detection
  • Chemical ecology of Chinese Agrilus species

Testing attraction of commercially available traps and lures to European Agrilus species

Rearing moth eggs from international vessels

Improving detection survey methodology of wood boring insects

Finally, the PHSU is committed to building and maintaining partnerships and networks through innovative education, outreach and awareness strategies that strengthen networks and build surveillance capacity. The CFIA has worked closely with external partners, including provinces, municipalities and non-governmental organizations, to expand the reach of surveillance efforts for apple maggot, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid and IAS trapping. There were a total of 1,826 survey sites delivered by partner organizations. More formal partnerships have also been established with the Invasive Species Centre, Ontario and with Parks Canada Agency. Ask for the complete text of the report to learn more about these initiatives.

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