Veal - Meat Cuts Manual

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Table of Contents

Diagram of Meat Cuts
Skeletal Diagram
Meat Cut Nomenclature and Description

List of Meat Cut Modifiers
Variety Meats

Veal - Diagram of Meat Cuts

Click on image for larger view
Description of Diagram of Meat Cuts. Description follows

Description for photo - Diagram of Meat Cuts - Veal

This diagram shows the meat cuts from veal. Veal consists of the Leg, the Whole Loin, the Front, and the Flank.

  • The Leg consists of the following cuts:
    • Shank
    • Leg, Shank Portion
    • Leg, Butt Portion
  • The Whole Loin consists of the following cuts:
    • Loin
    • Rib
  • The Front consists of the following cuts:
    • Shoulder
    • Breast
    • Shank
    • Neck
  • Alternative leg cuts consists of the Leg, Short Cut. The Leg, Short Cut consists of the following:
    • Shank
    • Heel of Round
    • Round
    • Sirloin Tip
    • Rump
    • Sirloin
Side
Description of Side. Description follows
Description for photo - Diagram of Meat Cuts - Alternative Cuts - Side Veal

This diagram shows alternatives cuts of a side veal.

The alternative cuts of a side veal includes the following elements:

  • Hind Quarter
  • Front Quarter
Alternative Cuts - Side

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Description of Alternative Cuts - Side. Description follows

Description for photo - Diagram of Meat Cuts - Alternative Cuts - Carcass

This diagram shows the alternative cuts of a veal carcass.

Alternative cuts of a veal carcass consist of:

  • Whole Loin, Double - which consists of: Loin and Rib Double
  • Front, Double - which consists of: Shoulder, Double
  • Rib and Flank, Double
  • Sirloin, Double
  • Leg, Double

Veal - Skeletal Diagram

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Description of Skeletal Diagram. Description follows

Description for photo - Diagram of Meat Cuts - Skeletal Diagram of Veal

This diagram shows the skeletal diagram of veal. It consists of:

  • Tail Bones
  • Sacrum
  • Back Bones (lumbar vertebrae 1 to 6)
  • Back Bones (thoracic vertebrae 1 to 13)
  • Neck Bones (cervical vertebrae 1 to 7)
  • Atlas Joint (1st cervical vertebra)
  • Shoulder Joint
  • Carpal Joint
  • Foreshank Bones (ulna)
  • Arm Bone (humerus)
  • Elbow Bone (ulna)
  • Blade Bone (scapula)
  • Ridge of Blade Bone
  • Breast Bone (sternum)
  • Blade Bone Cartilage
  • Ribs 1 to 13
  • Pin Bone (ilium)
  • Rib Cartilage
  • Rump Knuckle Bone (head of femur/acetabulum)
  • Flank Lymph Node (prefemoral)
  • Aitch Bone (ischium)
  • Leg Bone (femur)
  • Knee Cap (patella)
  • Stifle Joint (tibio-femoral articulation)
  • Hind Shank Bone (tibia)
  • Tarsal Joint

Meat Cut Nomenclature and Description

1. Veal: is meat derived from dressed carcasses of bovine animals having the maturity characteristics set out in Schedule I, Part IV of the Livestock Carcass Grading Regulations and a warm carcass weight of less than 205 kg with the hide on or less than 180 kg with the hide removed.

Maturity Characteristics

(i) Bones that are soft and reddish in colour.
(ii) Ribs that are narrow and slightly rounded.
(iii) A sternum that shows distinct divisions.
(iv) An aitch bone that is covered by cartilage.

2. Dresssed Veal Carcass: means a veal carcass from which the skin, head and feet at the carpal and tarsal joints have been removed and the carcass has been eviscerated.

2.1 Front Half: means the anterior portion of the Dresssed Veal Carcass which is separated from the Hind Half by a cut following the natural curvature between the eleventh (11th) and twelfth (12th) rib.

Description of Front Half

2.2 Hind Half: means the posterior portion of the Dresssed Veal Carcass which is separated from the Front Half, as described.

Description of Hind Half

3. Side: means one (1) of the two (2) approximately equal portions of a Dresssed Veal Carcass obtained by cutting from the tail to the neck along the median line.

3.1 Front Quarter: means the anterior portion of the Side which is separated from the Hind Quarter by a cut following the natural curvature between the eleventh (11th) and twelfth (12th) rib.

Description of Front Quarter

3.2 Hind Quarter: means the posterior portion of the Side which is separated from the Front Quarter, as described.

Description of Hind Quarter

4. Front: means that portion of the Side which is separated from the Whole Loin and Flank by cutting (ribbing) between the sixth (6th) and seventh (7th) rib.

Front Double: means the anterior portion of the Front Half which is separated from the Rib and Flank, Double by a straight cut passing between the sixth (6th) and seventh (7th) rib.

Description of Front Double

4.1 Neck: means that portion of the Front which is separated from the Shoulder by a straight cut passing through the fifth (5th) neck bone (cervical vertebra).

Description of Neck

4.2 Shoulder: means that portion of the Front which is separated from the Neck as described in item 4.1, and from the Breast and Shank by a straight cut which passes through the base of the shaft of the arm bone (distal extremity of the humerus).

Shoulder, Double: means that portion of the Front, Double which is separated from the Neck, Breast and Shank as described.

Description of Shoulder, Double

4.3 Breast: means that portion of the Front which is separated from the Shoulder as described in item 4.2, and from the Shank by a cut which follows the natural (dividing) seam.

Description of Breast

4.4 Shank (Foreshank): means that portion of the Front which is separated from the Shoulder and Breast as described in items 4.2 and 4.3.

Description of Shank (Foreshank)

5 Leg: means the posterior of the Side which is separated from the Whole Loin and Flank by a straight cut which passes in front of (anterior to) the pin bone (ilium or tuber coxae).

Leg, Double: means the posterior portion of the Hind Half which is separated from the Loin, Double and Flank by a straight cut passing immediately in front of (anterior to) the pin bone (ilium or tuber coxae).

Description of Leg, Double

5.1 Shank (Hind Shank): means that portion of the Leg which is separated from the Leg, Shank Portion or Heel of Round by a straight cut passing through the stifle joint (tibio-femoral joint).

Description of Shank (Hind Shank)

5.2 Leg, Shank Portion (Leg, Shank End): means that portion of the Leg which is separated from the Shank as described in item 5.1, and from the Leg, Butt Portion by a straight cut which passes approximately through the centre of the shaft of the leg bone (femur) approximately at right angles to it.

Description of Leg, Shank Portion

5.3 Leg, Butt Portion (Leg, Butt End): means that portion of the Leg which is separated from the Leg, Shank Portion as described in item 5.2.

Description of Leg, Butt Portion

5.4 Heel of Round: is an alternative portion of the Leg which is separated from the Shank as described in item 5.1, and from the Round by a straight cut passing through the base of the shaft of the leg bone (distal extremity of the femur).

Description of Heel of Round

5.5 Sirloin Tip: is an alternative portion of the Leg obtained by a "V-shaped" cut beginning at the knee cap (patella) and following the full length of the leg bone (femur) up to the rump knuckle bone (head of femur/acetabulum) then towards the flank lymph node (prefemoral).

Description of Sirloin Tip

5.6 Sirloin: is an alternative portion of the Leg which is separated from the Sirloin Tip as described in item 5.5, and from the Rump by a straight cut which passes in front of (anterior to) the rump knuckle bone (head of femur/acetabulum).

Sirloin, Double: means the anterior portion of the Leg, Double which is separated from the Leg, Short Cut, as described.

Description of Sirloin

5.7 Leg, Short Cut: means the Leg from which the Sirloin has been removed.

Description of Leg, Short Cut

5.8 Rump: is an alternative portion of the Leg which is separated from the Sirloin as described in item 5.6, and from the Round by a straight cut approximately parallel and behind (posterior to) the aitch bone (ischium).

Description of Rump

5.9 Round: is an alternative portion of the Leg which is separated from the Sirloin Tip and Rump, as described in items 5.5 and 5.8, respectively, and from the Heel of Round by a straight cut which passes through the base of the shaft of the leg bone (distal extremity of the femur). The cut may extend into the Rump.

Note: The Round contains no part of the gastrocnemius muscle.

5.10 Inside Round: see Beef

5.11 Outside Round: see Beef

5.12 Eye of Round: see Beef

Description of Round

6. Whole Loin: means that portion of the Side which is separated from the Front and Leg as described in items 4 and 5, respectively, and from the Flank by a straight cut approximately parallel to the back bones (vertebral column) passing at a point slightly above (dorsal to) the costal cartilage of the twelfth (12th) rib.

Whole Loin, Double: means that portion of the Dresssed Veal Carcass which is separated from the Front, Double and Leg, Double as described, and from the Flanks, by a straight cut approximately parallel to the back bones (vertebral column) passing through the thirteenth (13th) rib, approximately at the beginning of the costal cartilage. It consists of the Loin, Double and Rib (Rack), Double, attached.

Description of Whole Loin

6.1 Loin: means the posterior portion of the Whole Loin which is separated from the Rib by a straight cut which passes behind (posterior to) the last rib (13th rib).

Note: The Loin contains no part of a rib.

Loin, Double: means the posterior portion of the Whole Loin, Double which is separated from the Rib, (Rack) Double by a straight cut passing behind (posterior to) the last rib (13th rib).

6.1.1 Strip Loin: see Beef

6.1.2 Tenderloin: see Beef

Description of Tenderloin

6.2 Rib: means the anterior portion of the Whole Loin which is separated from the Loin as described in item 6.1.

Note: The complete Rib or part thereof prepared as roast, may be referred to as Rack.

Rib (Rack), Double: means the anterior portion of the Whole Loin, Double which is separated from the Loin, Double, as described.

6.2.1 Rib Eye: see Beef

Description of Rib Eye

7. Flank: means that portion of the Side which is separated from the Front, Leg and Whole Loin as described in items 4, 5 and 6, respectively.

Description of Flank

8. Rib (Rack) and Flank, Double: means the posterior portion of the Front Half which is separated from the Front, Double, as described. It consists of the Rib (Rack) and the rib portion of the Flank, attached.

Description of Rib (Rack) and Flank

List of Meat Cut Modifiers

Bone in / de coquille
Boneless / Désossé(e)
Cap Removed / Paré
Chop / Côtelette
Cutlet / Escalope
Delicatize(d) or Delicated / Attendri(re) mécaniquement
Diced Veal / Veau en cubes
Frenched Rib Chop / Côtelette à manche
Medallion / Médaillon
Portion / Partie du
Rack / Carré
Roast / Rôti
Rolled / Roulé
Scallopine / Escalope Milanaise
Semi-Boneless / Semi-désossé(e)
Steak / Tranche
Stewing Veal / Veau à ragoût
Stuffed / Farcie
Tenderize(d) / Attendri(re)
Tied / Ficelé
Trimmed / Paré

Note: While not required, these modifiers may be used to describe veal cuts provided they are informative and not misleading.

Variety Meats

brain / cervelle
heart / coeur
kidney / rognon
liver / foie
sweetbread / ris
tongue / langue

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