Description of flow chart for actions to follow if there is suspicion of foreign animal disease at an abattoir (post-mortem)
This diagram lists the sequence of events to follow if a Foreign Animal Disease is suspected in an abattoir during post-mortem examination. If the lesions on the suspect animals are observed on the kill floor, the line will be stopped. The farm of origin of the suspect lot will be identified and this information must be forwarded quickly to the District Veterinarian of the farm of origin, via the Part A 1.2 of the Premises Investigation Questionnaire.
The next step would be to inform about the Foreign Animal Disease suspicion to inspection manager/regional veterinary officer/foreign animal specialist/district veterinarian as well as the plant management.
Then the Canadian Food Inspection Agency veterinarian will perform the examination of the carcasses which will include the precise description of the lesions observed during the necropsy of the suspect carcasses, find out if the live animals from the suspect carcass lot show any clinical signs of Foreign Animal Disease and collect other information like the number of affected animals within the lot.
With the above information collected, the Veterinarian in Charge shall contact and consult the Foreign Animal Disease Specialist and Inspection Manager. They will help the Veterinarian in Charge with the risk determination. The situation will be deemed to be high risk or low risk (confirmatory negative).
The Veterinarian in Charge will immediately inform the abattoir management of the extent of risk determined and on that basis the establishment will activate their appropriate emergency plan. The Veterinarian in Charge will also communicate the level of risk determined to District Veterinarian and Regional Veterinary Officer and as the Foreign Animal Disease specialist and Inspection Manager have already been involved in risk determination, there is no need to notify them again.
If the situation is deemed high risk (section 220.127.116.11), the plant will be declared infected premises using the Canadian Food Inspection Agency form 4204 and so movement restriction into plant will be put into effect (section 18.104.22.168). Some other actions taken will be the trace back of farm of origin and trucks which were used to transport the suspect animals to slaughter house and the route taken by them (section 22.214.171.124), appropriate sample collection with proper packaging, submission into the Laboratory Sample Tracking System and shipping the samples with prior proper notification (section 126.96.36.199) segregation and detaining of the carcasses, products and by-products on site (section 188.8.131.52) and cleaning and disinfection activities (section 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11).
If the situation is deemed low-risk (section 18.104.22.168) then movement restriction is not applicable, trace back of the farm of origin is done (section 22.214.171.124), samples are to be sent to the appropriate laboratory as "Confirmatory Negative" (section 126.96.36.199) segregation of carcasses, products and by-products by an approved method is done (section 188.8.131.52) and proceed with cleaning and disinfection (section 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11).