Annex F: Lot Sampling and Inspection/Examination Procedures for Fresh Meat

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F.1 Raw meat products other than poultry

F.1.1 Sampling

The number of sample units required is determined using the sampling plans provided. These sampling plans are based on 5.5 kg units.

Once the number of sample units has been determined, a random selection of the samples is made by the inspector or plant employee. (For random sampling procedures, see Chapter 10.

Only 1 sample per box should be selected. When dealing with product in combo bins, the required number of 5.5 kg sample units are to be withdrawn from at least 25% of the total number of combo bins in the shipment.

It should be noted that some of the sampling plans indicate steps A and B. In making the initial sample selection, step A is used. The inspection findings will determine if step B is to be used.

F.1.2 Inspection Procedures

  • Boneless meat should be carefully examined for the presence of pathological conditions such as abscesses, etc., spoilage, contamination with ingesta, faecal material, hair, grease, rail dirt, foreign material, presence of spear-grass, blood clots, pieces of hide, and bone or cartilage (gristle) pieces. Cuts should be checked for correct stamping, if appropriate.
  • The plant employee or inspector will examine/inspect the product thoroughly and classify defects found according to the appropriate defect criteria table.

F.1.3 Disposition

A decision to accept or reject is made on the defects found. One or more critical defects means the shipment is rejected. With respect to major and minor defects, the decision criteria given in the sample tables are to be used.

If upon completing inspection on the basis of Step A, the lot can be clearly accepted or rejected no further sampling and examination/inspection is required. If the number of major defects or the total number of defects (minor alone or combination of major and minor) falls between the accept and reject numbers, a second sampling and examination/inspection as per step B is done. The defects found are added to those found at Step A and the total numbers are then used to accept or reject the lot.

Note: Total defects are only used if the reject level for major defects has not been exceeded.

F.1.4 Sampling plan and decision criteria

PLAN NO. SHIPMENT SIZE (kg) STEP NO. NO. SAMPLE UNITS SELECTED AND EXAMINED NO. DEFECTS FOUND AND ACTION TO BE TAKEN
MAJOR
ACCEPT
MAJOR
REJECT
TOTAL
(major & minor)
ACCEPT
TOTAL
(major & minor)
REJECT
1. 454 or less A 3 0 1 1 2
2. 3629 or less A 6 0 1 5 6
3. 3630 to 10885 A 9 0 2 4 8
3. B 3
3. Total of A + B 12 1 2 8 9
4. 10886 to 27271 A 15 0 3 6 12
4. B 15
4. Total of A + B 30 2 3 18 19
5. 27272 to 108861 A 22 0 4 9 16
5. B 25
5. Total of A + B 47 3 4 26 27
6. 108862 and over A 27 0 4 10 19
6. B 40
6. Total of A + B 67 4 5 35 36

F.1.5 Examples

F.1.5.1 Lot weighing 18,144 kg packed in 27 kg boxes.

Sampling plan 4 is selected, which means that 15 boxes are to be randomly chosen and a 5.5 kg sample examined from each box.

Findings are as follows:

critical = 0
major = 3
minor = 3
total = 6

The lot is rejected on the basis of 3 major defects, even though the total number of defects is acceptable.

F.1.5.2 Lot weighing 9,999 kg packed in 9 kg boxes.

Sampling plan 3 is selected which means that 9 – 5.5 kg sample units are required from 9 different boxes.

Findings are as follows:

critical = 0
major = 1
minor = 3
total = 4

The lot can not therefore be accepted or rejected at this point since the number of major defects lies between 0 and 2. Step B is therefore followed, which means that another 3 units must be selected.

Findings are as follows:

critical = 0
major = 0
minor = 4
total = 4

These defects are added to those found at step A giving totals as follows:

critical = 0
major = 1
minor = 7
total = 8

The lot is accepted.

F.1.6 Defect Criteria for Meat from Cattle and Calves

DEFECT MINOR MAJOR CRITICAL
BLOOD CLOTS 40 – 150 mm (GD) >150 mm (GD); or
>5 minor clots Table Note 1
Any clot(s) that would seriously affect product use
BONE FRAGMENTS Hard bone <40 mm (GD);
bone slivers (from rib)
<75 mm x 6 mm
>40 mm (GD); or
>5 minor fragments Table Note 1
Any fragment(s) that would seriously affect product use
BRUISES 25 – 60 mm (GD); or
13 – 25 mm deep
>60 mm (GD); or
>25 mm deep; or
>5 minor bruises Table Note 1
Any bruises that would seriously affect product use
DETACHED CARTILAGE LIGAMENTS >25 mm long and free from muscle tissue >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Any cartilage or ligament that would seriously affect product use
FAECAL MATERIAL Any amount
HAIR, WOOL, HIDE Hide <10 mm (GD); 5 – 10 strands of hair or wool. The number of minor defects is derived by dividing the number of hairs by 10. Hair cluster in single area Hide >10 mm (GD); or
>25 strands of hair or wool; or
>5 clusters of hair provided not affecting product usability Table Note 1
Hair, hide or wool that seriously affect product use – 100 single strands of hair in one sample unit
HARMFUL EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Any substance that would cause minor tissue irritation Any substance that would cause injury or illness
HARMLESS EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Paper or plastic <45 cm2; specks of rail dust covering an area <10 mm (GD); or single grass seeds (not associated with inflammation) Blunt wood>24 mm (GD); paper or plastic >45 cm2; or specks of rail dust covering an area >10 mm (GD); small insect; >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Large insect; insect associated with unsanitary conditions; any substance that would seriously affect product use
INGESTA Any amount
OFF CONDITION (sour) Any amount of off condition meat
PATHOLOGICAL LESIONS Any lesion which would not have been evident at PM inspection that would not seriously affect product use Any other lesion(s)
STAINS, DISCOLOURED AREAS 10 – 40 mm (GD) >40 mm (GD)
>5 minor stains Table Note 1
Stains that would seriously affect product use
OTHER i.e. Freezer burn Defect(s) that would affect product appearance but not use Defect(s) that would materially affect product use Defect(s) that would seriously affect product use

Table Notes

Table note 1

Where minor defects are numerous enough to classify as major, do not score as minor also.

Return to table note 1  referrer

(GD means Greatest Dimension; > means Greater Than; < means Less Than)

F.1.7 Defect Criteria for Meat From Sheep, Lamb, Goat and Equine

DEFECT MINOR MAJOR CRITICAL
BLOOD CLOTS 40 – 150 mm (GD) >150 mm (GD); or
>5 minor clots Table Note 2
Any clot(s) that would seriously affect product use
BONE FRAGMENTS Hard bone <40 mm (GD); bone slivers (from rib)
<75 mm x 6 mm
>40 mm (GD); or
>5 minor fragments Table Note 2
Any fragment(s) that would seriously affect product use
BRUISES 25 – 60 mm (GD), or
13 – 25 mm deep
>60 mm (GD); or
>25 mm deep; or
>5 minor bruises Table Note 2
Any bruises that would seriously affect product use
DETACHED CARTILAGE LIGAMENTS >25 mm long and free from muscle tissue >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Any cartilage or ligament that would seriously affect product use
FAECAL MATERIAL Any amount
HAIR, WOOL, HIDE Hide <10 mm (GD); 5 – 10 strands of hair or wool. The number of minor defects is derived by dividing the number of hairs by 10. Hair cluster in single area Hide >10 mm (GD); or >25 strands of hair or wool; or >5 clusters of hair provided not affecting product usability Table Note 2 Hair, hide or wool that seriously affect product use – 100 single strands of hair in one sample unit
HARMFUL EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Any substance that would cause minor tissue irritation Any substance that would cause injury or illness
HARMLESS EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Paper or plastic <45 cm2; specks of rail dust covering an area <10 mm (GD); or single grass seeds (not associated with inflammation) Blunt wood>24 mm (GD); paper or plastic >45 cm2; or specks of rail dust covering an area >10 mm (GD); small insect; >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Large insect; insect associated with unsanitary conditions; any substance that would seriously affect product use
INGESTA <10 mm (GD) >10 mm (GD)
OFF CONDITION (sour) Any amount of off condition meat
PATHOLOGICAL LESIONS Any lesion which would not have been evident at PM inspection that would not seriously affect product use Any other lesion(s)
STAINS, DISCOLOURED AREAS 10 – 40 mm (GD) >40 mm (GD)
>5 minor stains Table Note 2
Stains that would seriously affect product use
OTHER i.e. Freezer burn Defect(s) that would affect product appearance but not use Defect(s) that would materially affect product use Defect(s) that would seriously affect product use

Table Notes

Table note 2

Where minor defects are numerous enough to classify as major, do not score as minor also.

Return to table note 2  referrer

(GD means Greatest Dimension; > means Greater Than; < means Less Than)

F.1.8 Defect Criteria for Meat from Swine

DEFECT MINOR MAJOR CRITICAL
BLOOD CLOTS 40 – 150 mm (GD) >150 mm (GD); or
>5 minor clots Table Note 3
Any clot(s) that would seriously affect product use
BONE FRAGMENTS Hard bone <40 mm (GD); bone slivers (from rib)
<75 mm x 6 mm
>40 mm (GD); or
>5 minor fragments Table Note 3
Any fragment(s) that would seriously affect product use
BRUISES 25 – 60 mm (GD); or
13 – 25 mm deep
>60 mm (GD); or
>25 mm deep; or
> 5 minor bruises Table Note 3
Any bruises that would seriously affect product use
DETACHED CARTILAGE LIGAMENTS >25 mm long and free from muscle tissue >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Any cartilage or ligament that would seriously affect product use
FAECAL MATERIAL Any amount
HARMFUL EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Any substance that would cause minor tissue irritation Any substance that would cause injury or illness
HARMLESS EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL Paper or plastic <45 cm2; specks of rail dust covering an area <10 mm (GD); or single grass seeds (not associated with inflammation) Blunt wood >24 mm (GD); paper or plastic >45 cm2; or specks of rail dust covering an area >10 mm (GD); small insect; >5 minor defects that would not seriously affect product use Large insect; insect associated with unsanitary conditions; any substance that would seriously affect product use
INGESTA <10 mm (GD) >10 mm (GD)
LIPS, EAR CANALS, TEETH, KIDNEYS, LIVER Any amount for each sample unit
LUNG TISSUE Any amount
OFF CONDITION (sour) Any amount of off condition meat
PATHOLOGICAL LESIONS Any lesion which would not have been evident at PM inspection that would not seriously affect product use Any other lesion(s)
SKIN (ON SKINLESS CUTS), HAIR, HAIR ROOTS Skin (on skinless cuts)
<10 mm (GD);
Skin (on skinless cuts) with hair or visible hair roots <20 cm2;
1 defect =
 – If <13 (strands of hair), Total # of hairs ÷ 3 and/or
 – Total # of hair roots ÷ 1 and/or
 – Clusters of hairs in single area.
Skin (on skinless cuts) >10 mm (GD);
Skin (on skinless cuts) with
 – hair or visible hair roots >20 cm2; or
 – >13 but <100 single strands of hair in one sample unit.
Skinless or skin on cuts:
 – skin, hair or hair roots seriously affecting product usability
 – 100 single strands of hair in one sample unit
STAINS, DISCOLOURED AREAS 10 – 40 mm (GD) >40 mm (GD)
>5 minor stains Table Note 3
Stains that would seriously affect product use
OTHER i.e. Freezer burn Defect(s) that would affect product appearance but not use Defect(s) that would materially affect product use Defect(s) that would seriously affect product use

Table Notes

Table note 3

Where minor defects are numerous enough to classify as major, do not score as minor also.

Return to table note 3  referrer

(GD means Greatest Dimension; > means Greater Than; < means Less Than)

F.2 Poultry Reinspection Program for Fresh and Frozen Poultry Carcasses and Parts

See Chapter 19.

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