ARCHIVED - Annex V: Procedures for the Import (Return) of Exported Meat Products

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1. Scope

This annex describes the conditions and procedures by which meat products of Canadian origin exported from Canada may be imported (returned) into Canada.

2. Introduction

This type of imported shipments of meat products is shipments of Canadian origin that enter Canadian territory. The return of meat products exported out of Canada may be requested by the foreign country importer, the veterinary authorities of the importing country, or the exporting firm. The most common reasons for return are due to changes in market conditions, client specifications are not met, or importing country requirements are not met.

The two main types of import of exported meat and meat products are:

  • Meat products exported to and returned from mainland United States; and,
  • Meat products exported to and returned from all other countries.

The aim of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) control over exported meat product shipments returned to Canada is to ensure that meat product shipments allowed to enter Canadian territory satisfy the requirements established under the Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 (MIR) and the Animal Health Regulations. These shipments are to be handled in a similar fashion to imports of foreign origin. However, the inspection plan depends on the reason of return and import conditions imposed due to Animal Health concerns.

3. Legal Basis

The following provisions of the MIR mandate the CFIA to control the import of returned exported meat and meat product of Canadian origin. For this reason, the CFIA must exercise control over these shipments in a manner similar to all other commercial imports.

3.1 Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990

3(4) Subsection 9(1) of the Act does not apply in respect of a meat product that has been exported from Canada and is thereafter imported into Canada in the state in which it was exported.

122.2 No person shall return or have returned to Canada a meat product that was exported from Canada unless the meat product is:

  • (a) authorized for return by an inspector;
  • (b) delivered to a registered establishment that has the required facilities for a re-inspection; and,
  • (c) re-inspected by an inspector.

3.2 Health of Animals Act

16(1) Where a person imports into Canada any animal, animal product, animal by-product, animal food or veterinary biologic, or any other thing used in respect of animal or contaminated by a disease or toxic substance, the person shall, either before or at the time of importation, present the animal, animal product, animal by-product, animal food, veterinary biologic or other thing to an inspector, officer or customs officer who may inspect it or detain it until it has been inspected or otherwise dealt with by an inspector or officer.

4. Types of Import of Exported Meat and Meat Products

4.1 Meat Products Returned From Mainland United States

No meat products shall be returned to Canada from the United States unless authorized by the CFIA. This includes meat shipments refused entry by the USDA at border "I-house" reinsertion stations. Consideration to authorize a return will only be given to meat products in their original sealed, clean and undamaged containers bearing the meat inspection legend. The return procedures are extensively detailed in Chapter 11.

Permission must be granted prior to import to Canada.

4.2 Meat Products Returned From Countries Other Than the United States

No meat product shall be returned to Canada from a country other than the United States unless authorized by the Directors of the Meat Programs Division (MPD) and of the Terrestrial Animal Health Division (TAHD). Consideration to authorize a return will only be given to meat products in their original sealed, clean and undamaged containers bearing the meat inspection legend. The return procedures are extensively detailed in Chapter 11.

The TAHD and MPD must provide permission prior to import into Canadian territory including Canadian seaports. Animal Health permits may be required as a condition of import.

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