Specific Nutrient Content Claim Requirements
Sodium (Salt) Claims

The Summary Table for Sodium (Salt) Claims below provides the permitted claims and their associated conditions.

Note: The claim "very low sodium" or synonymous claims are not permitted on foods sold in Canada.

Salted

Reference to the addition of salt to a food is not considered to be a nutrient content claim. The word "salted", or a synonymous term, used to indicate that salt has been added (either as part of the common name or as a separate claim: e.g., "extra salt", "salt water taffy", "salt cod", "salted peanuts"), does not trigger the declaration of the Nutrition Facts table for foods exempted by Section B.01.401(2), FDR. Similarly, the representation "light salted" can be made on fish without triggering the Nutrition Facts table on exempted foods.

In addition, a reference to a "salty taste" is considered a taste claim and does not trigger the Nutrition Facts table on foods otherwise exempted under Section B.01.401(2), FDR.

Sodium Claims on Foods that Contain Added Potassium Salts

When the sodium claims in the table below are made on the label of a food (or in an advertisement for the food placed by or on the direction of the manufacturer) that contains added potassium salts, the potassium content per serving of stated size must be declared in the Nutrition Facts table. This includes any form of potassium salts, including food additives [B.01.402(5), FDR].

Ingredients that Functionally Substitute for Salt

The "no added sodium or salt" claim outlined in item e) of Summary Table for Sodium (Salt) Claims below specifies that the food contains "no added salt, other sodium salts or ingredients that contain sodium that functionally substitute for added salt". These include ingredients which give a salty taste to foods such as hydrolyzed vegetable proteins, soy sauce, bouillon powder or cubes, soup mix, etc.

Specific requirements related to sodium claims on bottled water can be found in the appropriate section.

Summary Table for Sodium (Salt) Claims

Note: The claims in quotation marks in column 1 are those which are permitted by the Food and Drug Regulations. The reference amounts are found in Part D, Schedule M of the Food and Drug Regulations.

Summary Table for Sodium (Salt) Claims
Column 1
Claim
Column 2
Conditions - Food
Column 3
Conditions - Label or Advertisement
Column 4
FDR Reference

a) Free of sodium or salt
"free of sodium"
"sodium-free"
"no sodium"
"0 sodium"
"zero sodium"
"without sodium"
"contains no sodium"
"free of salt"
"salt-free"
"no salt"
"0 salt"
"zero salt"
"without salt"
"contains no salt"

The food contains:
a) less than 5 mg of sodium per reference amount and serving of stated size; or
b) less than 5 mg of sodium or salt per serving of stated size, if the food is a prepackaged meal.

Must comply with requirements and conditions for making a nutrient content claim.

Nutrition Facts table is required on Foods Usually Exempt from Displaying a Nutrition Facts Table by B.01.401(2)(a) and (b) of the FDR [B.01.401(3)(e)(ii), FDR].

When used in an advertisement, must comply with the Advertising Requirements for Nutrient Content Claims.

Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.

B.01.401(3) (e)(ii)
 
B.01.402(5)

Table following B.01.513, item 31

b) Low in sodium or salt
"low in sodium"
"low sodium"
"low source of sodium"
"little sodium"
"contains only (number) mg of sodium per serving"
"contains less than (number) mg of sodium per serving"
"low salt"
"low in salt"
"low source of salt"
"little salt"
"contains only (number) mg of salt per serving"
"contains less than (number) mg of salt per serving"

The food contains:
a) 140 mg or less of sodium per reference amount and serving of stated size and, if the reference amount is 30 g or 30 mL or less, per 50 g; or
b) 140 mg or less of sodium per 100 g, if the food is a prepackaged meal.

Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.402(5)

Table following B.01.513, item 32

c) Reduced in sodium or salt
"reduced in sodium"
"reduced sodium"
"sodium-reduced"
"less sodium"
"lower in sodium"
"reduced in salt"
"reduced salt"
"salt-reduced"
"less salt"
"lower salt"
"lower in salt"

1) The food is processed, formulated, reformulated or otherwise modified so that it contains at least 25% less sodium
a) per reference amount of the food, than the reference amount of a similar reference food; or
b) per 100 g of a similar reference food, if the food is a prepackaged meal.
2) The similar reference food does not meet the conditions set out in column 2 of the subject "low in sodium or salt" set out in item b) of this table.

The following are identified:
a) the similar reference food (definition);
b) the amounts of the food and the similar reference food being compared, if those amounts are not equal; and
c) the difference in sodium content with the similar reference food, expressed by percentage or fraction or in milligrams per serving of stated size.
(See Comparative Nutrient Content Claims for more information.)
Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.402(5)

Table following B.01.513, item 33

d) Lower in sodium or salt
"lower in sodium"
"less sodium"
"lower sodium"
"lower in salt"
"less salt"
"lower salt"

1) The food contains at least 25% less sodium
a) per reference amount of the food, than the reference amount of a reference food of the same food group; or
b) per 100 g, than 100 g of a reference food of the same food group, if the food is a prepackaged meal.
2) The reference food of the same food group does not meet the conditions set out in column 2 of the subject "low in sodium or salt" set out in item b) of this table.

The following are identified:
a) the reference food of the same food group (definition);
b) the amounts of the food and the reference food of the same food group being compared, if those amounts are not equal; and
c) the difference in sodium content with the reference food of the same food group, expressed by percentage or fraction or in milligrams per serving of stated size.
(See Comparative Nutrient Content Claims for more information.)
Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.402(5)

Table following B.01.513, item 34

e) No added sodium or salt
"no added sodium"
"without added sodium"
"no sodium added"
"no added salt"
"without added salt"
"no salt added"
"unsalted"
May be used for Nutrient Content Claims on Food Intended Solely for Children Under Two Years of Age
[B.01.503(2)(d), FDR]

1) The food contains no added salt, other sodium salts or ingredients that contain sodium that functionally substitute for added salt.
2) The similar reference food does not meet the conditions set out in column 2 of the subject "low in sodium or salt" set out in item b) of this table and contains added salt or other sodium salts.
Note: Sodium or salt may not be an ingredient or a component of an ingredient of a product carrying the claim.

Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.402(5)

B.01.500

Table following B.01.513, item 35

f) Lightly salted
"lightly salted"
"salted lightly"

1) The food contains at least 50% less sodium added than the sodium added to the similar reference food.
2) The similar reference food does not meet the conditions set out in column 2 of the subject "low in sodium or salt" set out in item b) of this table.

The following are identified:
a) the similar reference food;
b) the amounts of the food and the similar reference food being compared, if those amounts are not equal; and
c) the difference in sodium content with the similar reference food, expressed by percentage or fraction or in milligrams per serving of stated size.
(See Comparative Nutrient Content Claims for more information.)
Nutrition Facts table must also include the amount of potassium per serving if the food contains added potassium salts.
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.402(5)

Table following B.01.513, item 36

g) Words to the effect that: the food is "for use in a sodium-restricted diet"

The food meets the conditions set out for one of the following claims:
"free of sodium or salt" (item (a) above),
"low in sodium or salt" (item (b) above),
"reduced in sodium or salt" (item (c) above), or
"lower in sodium or salt" (item d above).

Claim or statement is made in accordance with column 1 and column 3 for items a), b), c) or d) of this table
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.01.508, table following B.01.513, items 31 to 34

h) Words to the effect that the food is "for special dietary use" with respect to the sodium (salt) content

The food meets the condition set out for one of the following claims:
"free of sodium or salt" (item (a) above),
"low in sodium or salt" (item (b) above).

Claim or statement is made in accordance with column 1 and column 3 for items a) or b) of this table
See conditions set out for item a) of this table.

B.24.003. (1.1), and the table following B.01.513, items 31 to 34

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