Method of Production Claims

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"Method of production" refers to how a product was produced, grown, handled, manufactured, etc. Claims related to the method of production are subject to subsection 5(1) of the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) and section 7 of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (CPLA), which prohibit statements and claims that are false, misleading, deceptive or that create an erroneous impression regarding the product including, in the case of the CPLA, its method of manufacture. In addition, some method of production claims have specific regulatory requirements that apply to them.

Refer to the following sections for additional information on specific regulatory requirements for claims related to the method of production:

Claim Substantiation

As outlined in the Overview section, all method of production claims provided on food labels or in advertising must be accurate, truthful, and must not mislead or deceive the consumer. During compliance and enforcement activities carried out by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), regulated parties should be able to substantiate the claims.

Acceptable manners to substantiate a method of production claim include:

  • third party audit;
  • valid documentation; or
  • non-government certification programs.

All documents used to substantiate a method of production claim must be made available to a CFIA inspector upon request.

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