Labelling Requirements for Maple Products

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Table of Contents

Overview

For the purposes of this information, "maple products" include both: pure maple syrup and pure maple products other than maple syrup (for example: maple sugar, soft maple sugar, maple butter and maple taffy).

The labelling requirements of the Maple Products Regulations (MPR) that are summarized in this document apply to maple products produced in federally registered establishments, as well as to imported maple products. When sold in Canada, these maple products are also subject to the labelling requirements under the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (CPLA) .

Other products, such as maple products destined for intraprovincial trade and foods containing maple but not exclusively made of maple products, are subject to the labelling requirements under the Food and Drugs Act and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act. These are summarized in the core labelling, claims and statements, and food-specific labelling requirement pages of the Industry Labelling Tool. Provincial regulations may also apply to products sold within that province.

The requirements detailed in the following sections are specific to maple products. They are in addition to the core labelling and other requirements that apply to all prepackaged foods.

Common Name – Maple Products

Maple products must bear the name "Maple Syrup" or, if it is a maple product other than maple syrup, the appropriate common name as outlined under Definitions. Examples of maple products other than maple syrup include: maple sugar, soft maple sugar, maple butter and maple taffy [12, 17, 19, Schedules II & IV, MPR; B.01.001, B.01.006 FDR; 10(b)(ii), CPLA].

For more information, including location, legibility and language requirements, refer to Common Name.

List of Ingredients – Maple Products

Maple products and maple syrup covered under the MPR are obtained exclusively by the concentration of maple sap or by the dilution or solution of a maple product, other than maple sap, in potable water. For such single ingredient foods, the common name of the product is considered to be the list of ingredients.

For more information, refer to List of Ingredients.

Net Quantity – Maple Products

For maple syrup, the metric net quantity must be shown in units of volume (mL, L) as the product is a liquid. For maple products other than maple syrup, the metric net quantity must be shown in units of weight (g, kg). Although Canadian (previously named "Imperial") units of measure are not required on labels, they are permitted to be used in addition to the required metric units, subject to certain specifications (see Canadian Units of Measure for details) [10(5), 12(1)d, 19(1)(e), Schedule IV, Schedule V, MPR; 10(a), CPLA; 14(2), 22(1), 22(3), CPLR] for details.

For more information, including location, legibility and language requirements, refer to Net Quantity.

Identity and Principal Place of Business – Maple Products

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations (CPLR) require all prepackaged foods to carry a declaration of the Identity and Principal Place of Business of the responsible party on the label. The following additional requirements are specified in the Maple Products Regulations:

Domestic Maple Products

The name and address of the responsible party must be indicated as follows:

  • the name and address of the sugar bush establishment, the packing establishment or the maple syrup shipper establishment, as they are registered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency ; or
  • the name and address of the first dealer (definition) and the registration number of the packing establishment [12(1)(e), MPR].

Imported Maple Products

The name and address of the packer or the importer must be indicated on the label [19(1)(e)(iii), MPR].

Country of Origin – Maple Products

All maple syrup and maple products packaged in containers with a capacity of less than 5 L and 5 kg respectively, must have a country of origin declaration present on the label [19(1)(e)(iv), MPR].

The statement of geographic origin shall be in English and French, in a minimum type height of 1.6 mm and be shown in letters at least as large as those used in the declaration of the Canadian dealer's principal place of business. It must be located immediately adjacent to the Identity and Principal Place of Business – Maple Products of the responsible party, which may be shown anywhere on the label, except on the bottom [B.01.005, FDR; 6(2), 13, 14, 15, 31(4), CPLR].

Indicating the Country of Origin

When mandatory, the declaration of the country of origin must be a separate declaration. It cannot be part of the name and address of the foreign packer (processor). A proper declaration would be: "Product of United States".

All country names must be written out in full, except for the United States which may be abbreviated to USA as it is recognized worldwide.

Maple Products Prepared in Canada

In the three following situations, the declaration of the country of origin on the final product is optional:

  1. Canadian Maple Product, Packed in Canada
  2. Imported Maple Syrup, Processed in Canada Into Maple Product Other Than Maple Syrup (e.g. Maple Sugar)
  3. Imported and Canadian Maple Syrups, Blended, Graded, Packed and Labelled in Canada

However, when the product is completely made of imported product or contains some imported product (above situations 2 and 3), the imported maple product label must carry a declaration of the country of origin at the time of importation, to comply with section 19 of the MPR.

For maple products prepared in Canada, it is important to avoid misleading information with respect to origin. For more information on "Product of Canada" and "Made in Canada" declarations, refer to Guidelines for "Product of Canada" and "Made in Canada" Claims.

Indicating the Province of Origin

Declarations regarding provincial origin of a product (e.g. "Product of Quebec") may be subject to specific provincial regulatory requirements. Please refer to the appropriate provincial authorities to obtain the official and most updated information.

Canadian Maple Products, Packed in a Foreign Country and Re-Imported in Canada

Imported maple products must carry a declaration of the country of origin, as per section 19 of the MPR. However, these products cannot bear the declaration "Product of Canada", even though it was produced in Canada, because it has been packed in a foreign country. In such a case, the following statement on the label would satisfy the country of origin requirement: "Packed in (naming the country) from Canadian Maple Syrup".

Maple Products Wholly Manufactured in a Country Other Than Canada

A product is "wholly manufactured in a country other than Canada" when it has not undergone any processing in Canada and its nature remains the same. Such products must carry a declaration of the country of origin, as per section 19 of the MPR.

Imported Maple Products Graded, Packed and Labelled in Canada

At the time of import, the declaration of the country of origin must be "Product of (Naming the Country)" [e.g. Product of USA], as per section 19 of the MPR. Grading, packaging, and labelling an imported maple product in Canada do not change its nature. Therefore, the product remains "wholly manufactured in a country other than Canada" and the declaration of the country of origin must remain on the label. For example, this declaration can be "Product of USA" or "Packed in Canada from products of USA".

Grade Designation for Maple Syrup

Note: An amendment to the MPR came into force on December 12, 2014 introducing new grades for maple syrup including new colour classes with taste descriptors. A two-year transition period with the previous grades was part of this amendment, allowing the option to use the previous or the new system until December 12, 2016 (10, CGII, SOR/DORS/2014-297; Related provisions, MPR). As of December 13, 2016, only the new grading system is allowed.

Canadian Maple Syrup

The new grades set out below mandatory as of December 13, 2016 [4, Schedule I, MPR].

The two new Canadian grade names beginning with the "Canada" prefix, as established in the MPR amendment of December 12, 2014, are the following:

  • Canada Grade A
  • Canada Processing Grade

When the above Canadian grades are being used on maple syrup, this maple syrup must be graded only:

  • in a CFIA registered establishment under the MPR; or
  • in any place, where it is graded by or on behalf of the operator of a CFIA registered maple syrup shipper establishment [5.(2)b), MPR].

Maple syrup may be graded by a grader (i.e. a designated CFIA inspector) or the operator of a CFIA registered establishment. It may also be graded by a person designated by the operator or an employee of a registered establishment under the supervision of a grader or the operator [5.1, MPR].

Language and type height requirements

The Maple Products Regulations does not specify that the grade designation of maple syrup must be bilingual. However, it is recommended that when a grade is made on the label of a food, it appears in both English and French on the principal display panel (definition) [unless a bilingual labelling exemption applies as per B.01.012(3) or (7), FDR]. The type height must be proportional to the area of the principal display surface, as per Schedule IV of the MPR.

Imported Maple Syrup

The new grades set out below are mandatory as of December 13, 2016 [4.1, Schedule I, MPR].

The use of American grades on maple syrup sold in Canada is not permitted. Imported maple syrup must meet the MPR import requirements, using the above grade names, but with their prefixes changed from "Canada" to "Grade".

The two new grade names for imported maple syrup, as established in MPR amendment of December 12, 2014, are the following:

  • Grade A
  • Processing Grade

The maple syrup container must bear a label marked with a declaration of the country of origin. Combining declarations of country of origin and grade is not permitted. For example: "Product of / Produit du Canada No. 1" is not permitted.

The "Canada" prefixed grade names may be used on maple syrup that has been imported in bulk, but only after it has been graded, processed or re-packed through a registered establishment. Using the grade name beginning with the "Grade" prefix is not allowed in this case.

Language and type height requirements

The Maple Products Regulations does not specify that the grade designation of maple syrup must be bilingual. However, it is recommended that when a grade is made on the label of a food, it appears in both English and French on the principal display panel (definition) [unless a bilingual labelling exemption applies as per B.01.012(3) or (7), FDR]. The type height must be proportional to the area of the principal display surface, as per Schedule IV of the MPR.

Colour Classes of Maple Syrup

Note: An amendment to the MPR came into force on December 12, 2014 introducing new grades for maple syrup including new colour classes with taste descriptors. A two-year transition period with the previous grades was part of this amendment, allowing the use of both systems until December 12, 2016 (10, CGII, SOR/DORS/2014-297; Related provisions, MPR). As of December 13, 2016, only the new grading system is allowed.

The new colour classes set out below are mandatory as of December 13, 2016 [12 (1) (c), 19 (1)(b), Schedule III, Schedule IV, MPR].

Maple syrup with a colour class found to be:

  • "Golden, Delicate Taste"
  • "Amber, Rich Taste"
  • "Dark, Robust Taste", or
  • "Very Dark, Strong Taste"

may be graded as "Canada Grade A", providing it meets the requirements of the "Canada Grade A" grade.

Maple syrup which does not meet the "Canada Grade A" requirements may be graded as "Canada Processing Grade", for which colour classes do not exist.

The method for the determination of colour class of maple syrup is outlined in Schedule III, MPR.

Percentage of Light Transmission for Each Colour Class of Maple Syrup
Colour Class Percentage of Light Transmission
Golden, Delicate Taste not less than 75.0
Amber, Rich Taste less than 75.0 but not less than 50.0
Dark, Robust Taste less than 50.0 but not less than 25.0
Very Dark, Strong Taste less than 25.0

The colour class designation (with the taste descriptor) must be printed on the label (definition) of the container, on any panel except the bottom [12.(1)(c), MPR].

Language and type height requirements

This declaration must appear in English and French, in a minimum type height of 1.6 mm. Note: the minimum type height is acceptable for the colour classes despite sections 12 (2)c), 12(2) and Schedule IV of the MPR.

Lot Number or Production Code

As of December 13, 2016, every container of maple syrup that is graded under the MPR must bear a label marked with the lot number or the production code [12.(1)(f)), 19(1)(e)(v), MPR]. This is a new requirement of the December 12, 2014 MPR amendment, including a two-year transition period that ended on December 12, 2016 (10, CGII, SOR/DORS/2014-297; Related provisions, MPR).

Registration Number

The registration number of the registered packing establishment must be applied to the label when the name and address on the label is that of a first dealer (definition). A registered sugar bush, packing, or maple syrup shipper establishment may or may not add its registration number to a label when its complete name and address is indicated [12, MPR].

The registration number can be anywhere on the label, including on the bottom of the package. It is recommended, however, that the registration number be close to the Identity and Principal Place of Business – Maple Products of the person responsible.

Bulk Containers

Bulk containers for maple syrup are referred in the MPR as containers exceeding 5 L. Bulk containers for maple products other than maple syrup are referred in the MPR as containers exceeding 5 kg [19 (3), MPR].

The labelling requirements for shipping containers and bulk containers of maple syrup are the same as for other prepackaged maple products, except as described below, and in the Summary Table of Mandatory Maple Syrup Labelling Requirements [15(1), 19(2)(a), MPR].

Interprovincial Trade of Maple Syrup

Interprovincial trade of maple syrup packed in a container that has a capacity of more than 5 L, that is not graded or marked in compliance with the MPR, is allowed if the product is to be repackaged or reprocessed in a registered packing establishment [15(2), MPR].

Intra-provincial Trade of Maple Syrup

Maple syrup that is packaged in a container of greater than 5 litres and only distributed within the province where it is produced is not subject to the requirements of the MPR. In this case, the product must only meet the regulatory requirements of its province of origin and any other applicable federal requirements (FDR and CPLR). Refer to the appropriate provincial authorities to obtain the official and most updated information for provincial regulations and refer to the Core Labelling Requirements section of the Industry Labelling Tool for all other federal requirements.

Import Authorization

Maple syrup packed in a container that has a capacity of more than 5 L and maple product other than maple syrup packed in a container that has a capacity of more than 5 L or 5 kg that are not marked as per the labelling and packing requirements of the MPR must be accompanied by a written authorization from the CFIA, for each shipment, prior to their entry into Canada. Please contact the Centre of Administration to obtain such an authorization [19(3)(b), MPR].

Exemptions for Non Commercial Shipments

The labelling requirements of the Maple Products Regulations do not apply to a shipment of maple syrup or maple products other than maple syrup that [18, MPR]:

  • does not exceed 100 litres (for maple syrup) or weighs 25 kg or less (for maple products other than maple syrup);
  • is part of an immigrant's effects;
  • is carried on any vessel, train, motor vehicle, aircraft or other means of transportation for use as food for the crew or passengers thereof;
  • is consigned to a national or an international exhibition, weighs 100 kg or less and is not intended for sale in Canada;
  • is imported from the United States onto the Akwesasne Reserve for use by an Akwesasne resident;
  • is bonded.

Export

Exported products are subject to the requirements of the importing country.

Export of maple products packaged in non-standard container sizes (including bulk and shipping containers) and not marked in compliance with the Canadian regulations is allowed if:

  1. the CFIA maple establishment registration number is shown on the container, the bill of lading or the contract of sale (see Registration Number); and
  2. the label or other markings on the containers do not misrepresent the quality, quantity, composition, characteristics, safety or value or the maple syrup or maple product [16(2), MPR].

Maple Syrup with Nutrient Added

Section D.03.002 of the Food and Drug Regulations prohibits the addition of nutrients or amino acids to maple syrup or maple products sold in Canada. However the product may be produced in Canada for export trade providing the requirements of section 37 (1) of the Food and Drugs Act are met.

Therefore, if a maple product contains added vitamin C, it should clearly indicate that vitamin C is added, by modifying the common name, adding a statement and/or a list of ingredients, subject to the regulations of the receiving country.

Maple Product Substitutes

Section 3.1 of the MPR specifies that "no person shall market a product in import, export or interprovincial trade in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for a maple product for which a grade or standard is established under these Regulations".

Multi-ingredient products made with pure maple products and/or with maple flavours include maple flavoured cookies and cereal flavoured with maple syrup. Highlighted Ingredients Claims provides information that applies to the labelling of maple substitutes and to highlighting the presence of maple ingredients.

Naming Maple Product Substitutes

A product that does not meet the compositional standard for maple syrup cannot use the common name "Maple Syrup".

For combinations of maple syrup and other products, for example, a table syrup made from sugar, water, maple flavouring and with x% maple syrup could use the common name "Table syrup with x% maple syrup", "Gourmet Syrup with x% maple syrup", or "Blended Syrup with x% natural maple syrup", where x is the percentage of maple syrup present in the product.

Table syrup made without maple syrup from sugar, water and maple flavor could, for example, use the common name "Table Syrup" or "Gourmet Syrup".

For more information, refer to Common Name. Maple substitutes that are not single ingredient foods must include a List of Ingredients, in compliance with the FDR.

Provincial Regulations on Substitutes

In the provinces of Quebec and Ontario, the provincial authorities apply regulations on maple syrup and maple products but also on the use of the word "maple" in reference to maple substitutes. For products destined for this market, it is recommended to contact these authorities to confirm the acceptability of the use of the word "maple" images related to maple or other requirements applicable to products sold within these jurisdictions.

Summary of Mandatory Maple Syrup Labelling Requirements

General Rule

As a general rule, all items identified with a checkmark () in the table below must appear on the label of maple syrup containers destined for trade out of the province or in import trade. Refer to Export and Bulk Containers for more information.

Summary of Mandatory Maple Syrup Labelling Requirements
RequirementsInter-provincialImportExportType heightLocation on labelLanguagesReferences

Common Name

Maple syrup

means the syrup obtained exclusively by the concentration of maple sap or by the dilution or solution of a maple product, other than maple sap, in potable water [2, MPR]

See exception MPR section 19(3) See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Principal display panel English and French

MPR
12(1)(a),
12(2),
17,
19(1)(e)(i),
Schedule IV

FDR
B.01.001,
B.01.006

CPLA
10(b)(ii)

CPLR
6(2),
12(b)

Net Quantity Declaration
(mL or L)
See exception MPR section 19(3) See exception MPR section 16(2) Numerals: in bold face type, proportional to the area of the principal display surface. Other Info: Minimum 1.6 mm Principal display panel English and French

MPR
10(5),
12(1)(d),
12(2),
19(1)(e)(ii),
Schedule IV,
Schedule V

CPLA
10(a)

CPLR
6(2),
12(a),
14(2),
22(1),
22(3)

Grades

Canada Grade A

Canada Processing Grade

See exception MPR section 16(2) Proportional to the area of the principal display surface Principal display panel English and FrenchTable Note 1

MPR
4,
12(1)(b),
Schedule I, Schedule IV

CPLR
6(2)

Grade A

Processing Grade

See exception MPR section 19(3) Proportional to the area of the principal display surface Principal display panel English and FrenchTable Note 1

MPR
4.1,
19(1)(a),
Schedule I, Schedule IV

CPLR
6(2)

Colour Classes

Golden, Delicate Taste;
Amber, Rich Taste;
Dark, Robust Taste;
Very Dark, Strong Taste

See exception MPR section 19(3) See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Table Note 3 Any panel except the bottom English and French

MPR
12(1)(c),
12(2),
19(1)(b),
Schedule III,
Schedule IV

CPLA
10(b)(iii)

CPLR
6(2)

Lot Number or Production CodeTable Note 2 See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom N/A

MPR
12(1)(f),
12(2)

Lot Number or Production Code See exception MPR section 19(3) N/A Any panel except the bottom N/A

MPR
19(1)(e)(v)

Identity and Principal Place of Business, and Registration Number

Name and address of the registered sugar bush establishment, packing establishment or shipper establishment;

or

Name and address of the first dealer with the registration number of the packing establishment.

See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom English and/or French

MPR
12(1)(e)

FDR
B.01.007(1.1)(a)
B.01.005

CPLA
10(b)(i)

CPLR
6(2)

Name and address of the packing establishment or importer See exception MPR section 19(3) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom English and/or French

MPR
19(1)(e)(iii)

FDR
B.01.007(1.1)(a)
B.01.005

CPLA
10(b)(i)

CPLR
6(2)

Country of Origin
"Product of ..."

For other situations, refer to Country of Origin – Maple Products.

See exception MPR section 19(3) Minimum 1.6 mm, at least as large as those used in the declaration of the Canadian dealer's principal place of business. Any panel except the bottom, shall be located immediately adjacent to the declaration of dealer identity and principal place of business English and French

MPR
19(1)(e)(iv)

FDR
B.01.005

CPLA
10(b)(iii)

CPLR
6(2),
13,
14(1),
15,
31(4)

Nutrition Labelling See exception MPR section 19(3) For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling.

Table Notes

Table note 1

The Maple Products Regulations does not specify that the grade designation of maple syrup must be bilingual. However, it is recommended that when a grade is made on the label of a food, it appears in both English and French on the principal display panel [unless a bilingual labelling exemption applies as per B.01.012(3) or (7), FDR].

Return to table note 1 referrer

Table note 2

As of December 13, 2016, every container of maple syrup that is graded under the MPR must bear a label marked with the lot number or the production code [12(1)(f), 19(1)(e)(v) MPR]. This is a new requirement of the December 12, 2014 MPR amendment (10, CGII, SOR/DORS/2014-297; Related provisions, MPR).

Return to table note 2 referrer

Table Note 3

The minimum type height is acceptable for the colour classes despite sections 12 (2)c), 12(2) and Schedule IV of the MPR.

Return to table note 3 referrer

Summary of Mandatory Maple Products (Other Than Maple Syrup) Labelling Requirements

General Rule

As a general rule, all items identified with a checkmark () in the table below must appear on the label of maple products (other than maple syrup) containers destined for trade out of the province or in import trade. Refer to Export and Bulk Containers for more information.

Summary of Mandatory Maple Products (Other Than Maple Syrup) Labelling Requirements
Requirements Inter-provincial ImportExport Type height Location on label LanguagesReferences

Product Name

Examples:

Maple Sugar,
Soft Maple Sugar,
Maple Butter,
Maple Taffy.

"Maple Product" means any product obtained exclusively by the concentration of maple sap or maple syrup [2, MPR].

See exception MPR section 19(3) See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Principal display panel English and French

MPR
12(2),
12(3)(a),
17,
19(2)(c)(i),
Schedule II

FDR
B.01.001,
B.01.006

CPLA
10(b)(ii)

CPLR
6(2),
12(b)

Net Quantity Declaration

(g or kg)

See exception MPR section 19(3) See exception MPR section 16(2) Numerals: in bold face type, proportional to the area of the principal display surface

Other info: Minimum 1.6 mm

Principal display panel English and French

MPR
12(3)(b),
17,
19(2)(c)(ii)

CPLA
10(a)

CPLR
6(2),
12(a),
14(2),
22(1),
22(3)

Identity and Principal Place of Business, and Registration Number

Name and address of the registered sugar bush establishment, packing establishment or shipper establishment; or

Name and address of the first dealer with the registration number of the registered packing establishment

See exception MPR section 16(2) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom English and/or French

MPR
12(3)(c),
17

FDR
B.01.007(1.1)(a)
B.01.005

CPLA
10(b)(i)

CPLR
6(2)

Name and Address of the Packer or Importer See exception MPR section 19(3) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom English and/or French

MPR
19(2)(c)(iii)

FDR
B.01.007(1.1)(a)
B.01.005

CPLA
10(b)(i)

CPLR
6(2)

Country of Origin "Product of ..."

For other situations, refer to Country of Origin – Maple Products.

See exception MPR section 19(3) Minimum 1.6 mm Any panel except the bottom English and/or French

MPR
19(2)(c)(iv)

FDR
B.01.005

CPLR
6(2),
13,
14(1),
15,
31(4)

Nutrition Labelling See exception MPR section 19(3) For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling. For more information, refer to Nutrition Labelling.

Definitions

First Dealer

Means any person who acquires for sale under their own label maple products packed by another person [2, MPR].

Maple Syrup

The syrup obtained exclusively by the concentration of maple sap or by the dilution or solution of a maple product, other than maple sap, in potable water [2, MPR].

Maple Product

Any product obtained exclusively by the concentration of maple sap or maple syrup, excluding any substitute [2, MPR].

Substitute

Any product that resembles a maple product in appearance and is prepared for the same uses as a maple product but is not obtained exclusively from maple sap [2, MPR].

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