Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Import Policy Definitions

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Note: all definitions within this import policy, unless referenced otherwise, are based on the Health of Animals Act and the Health of Animals Regulations, Interpretation, section 2.

Animal:

means any member of one of the species regulated by CFIA, and, includes an embryo and a fertilized egg or ovum

Animal food:

means any food containing an animal product or animal by-product for chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, ratites, game birds, ruminants, swine or horses but does not include such things as fish meal or vitamin or mineral supplements that do not contain animal products or by-products

Animal by-product:

means an animal by-product that originated from a bird or from any mammal except a member of the orders Rodentia, Cetacea, Pinnipedia and Sirenia (Health of Animals Regulations)

Animal product:

means an animal product that originated from a bird or from any mammal except a member of the orders Rodentia, Cetacea, Pinnipedia and Sirenia

Biologics (human):

drugs listed on Schedule D of the Food and Drugs Act includes names of individual products, product classes and reference to particular sources and methodology. Biologics are manufactured from animals, or micro-organisms, or through the use of animals or micro-organisms. Examples include blood and blood components, insulin, monoclonal antibodies, cytokines, protein hormones and gene therapy productsFootnote 1

Bovine:

means cattle or bison and includes their exotic relatives. Taxonomically they are classified as members of the Subfamily Bovinae from the genus Bos, which includes cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) and bison (Bos bison)

BSE slaughter process:

means any process of slaughtering an animal other than a process in which the animal is subjected, before being slaughtered, to (a) a stunning process in which a device is used to inject compressed air or gas into the animal's cranial cavity; or (b) a pithing process involving laceration, after stunning of the animal, of the animal's central nervous tissue by means of an elongated rod-shaped instrument that is introduced into the animal's cranial cavity

Cosmetic:

includes any substance or mixture of substances manufactured, sold or represented for use in cleansing, improving or altering the complexion, skin, hair or teeth, and includes deodorants and perfumesFootnote 2

Drug:

includes any substance or mixture of substances manufactured, sold or represented for use in (a) the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder or abnormal physical state, or its symptoms, in human beings or animals; (b) restoring, correcting or modifying organic functions in human beings or animals; or (c) disinfection in premises in which food is manufactured, prepared or keptFootnote 3

Device:

means any article, instrument, apparatus or contrivance, including any component, part or accessory thereof, manufactured, sold or represented for use in (a) the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder or abnormal physical state, or its symptoms, in human beings or animals; (b) restoring, correcting or modifying a body function or the body structure of human beings or animals; (c) the diagnosis of pregnancy in human beings or animals; or (d) the care of human beings or animals during pregnancy and at and after birth of the offspring, including care of the offspring, and includes a contraceptive device but does not include a drugFootnote 4

Food:

includes any article manufactured, sold or represented for use as food or drink for human beings, chewing gum, and any ingredient that may be mixed with food for any purpose whateverFootnote 5

Germplasm:

means semen, male or female germ cells or genetic material taken from a male or female germ cell for the purpose of producing a zygote and includes embryos but does not include a hatching eggFootnote 6

Meat:

means the edible part of a carcass that is the muscle associated with the skeleton, tongue, diaphragm, heart, gizzard or mammalian oesophagus, with or without accompanying and overlying fat, together with those parts of the bones, skin, sinews, nerves, blood vessels and other tissues that normally accompany the muscle and are not ordinarily removed in dressing a carcass, but does not include the muscle associated with the lips, snout, scalp or ears, mechanically recovered meat or meat to which an ingredient other than meat has been addedFootnote 7

Meat by-product:

means edible blood, an edible organ or edible tissue that was derived from the carcass of a food animal, but does not include meat or mechanically recovered meatFootnote 8

Mechanically recovered meat (MRM):

means meat obtained using high pressure to recover the residual raw meat adhering to the bones after other boning processes have been completedFootnote 9

Ruminant:

means an animal of the suborder Ruminatiae and includes an animal of the family Camelidae

Specified risk material:

means (a) the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia, eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of cattle aged 30 months or older; and (b) the distal ileum of cattle of all ages (SRM in Food and Drug Regulations and SRM in Health of Animals Regulations)

Tallow:

is an odourless, tasteless, waxy white fat consisting of suet (the hard fat about the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep, and horses) or fats from other animalsFootnote 10

Veterinary biologic:

means (a) a helminth, protozoa or micro-organism, (b) a substance or mixture of substances derived from animals, helminths, protozoa or micro-organisms, or (c) a substance of synthetic origin, that is manufactured, sold or represented for use in restoring, correcting or modifying organic functions in animals or for use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder or abnormal physical state, or the symptoms thereof, in animals;Footnote 11 and includes any veterinary biologic derived through biotechnology (Health of Animals Regulations); veterinary biologics do not include veterinary drugs (which are assigned a DIN number) and are primarily regulated by Health Canada (Veterinary Drugs Directorate) under the authority of the Food and Drugs Act and RegulationsFootnote 12

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