Chapter 10 - Artificial Insemination
10.3 Porcine (Updated December 2016)

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This module describes requirements for export eligible porcine semen and for domestic use.

Porcine

Export Eligible Semen

Requirements for boar intended for entry into a semen collection centre to produce semen for export:

1. The animals must be identified with an approved ear tag (or any tag deemed equivalent under the livestock identification and traceability program) which bears a unique number that follows the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 11784 standard format. More information may be found in Module 2.1 Identification of livestock. Animals improperly identified or that have lost their identification will be rejected when they arrive at the isolation facility of the AI centre and retested at the centre's expense.

2. The herd of origin must not be subject to any quarantine. The animals must be isolated and be subject to the following tests with negative results, unless otherwise specified, within the 60 days preceding entry into the isolation facility of the centre:

Note: Centres approved for export to the EC must have animals tested within the 30 days preceding entry into the isolation facility of the centre.

  1. Brucellosis — (serum) FPA or test prescribed by OIE for international trade.

    Note: All boars selected for entry into the isolation facility of a centre approved for export to the EC must also be tested negative using the I-ELISA test for brucellosis.

  2. Leptospirosis - (serum) MATL. pomona and L. sejroe. Boars with a test result of 1:100 or 1:200 must be retested after a minimum interval of 14 days and obtain a stable titre to be considered negative and eligible for entry into the isolation facility of the centre.
  3. TGE — (serum) SN test or ELISA test. In the event of a positive reaction to the SN test, the laboratory conducts an ELISA test; if the ELISA test is negative, the animal is eligible to enter the isolation facility of the centre.
  4. Aujesky's disease — (serum) ELISA test

3. A CFIA/ACIA 1634 Certificate of Health for Entry into a Semen Production Centre must accompany the animal to the isolation facility of the centre. (Refer to paragraph 11 in Module 10.1 for distribution details.) The boars are moved directly from the premises of origin to the designated facility of an approved production centre.

Domestic Use Semen

Requirements for boar intended for entry into a semen collection centre to produce semen for distribution in Canada (This semen is not eligible for export and may only be used within Canada.):

4. The animals must be identified with an approved ear tag (or any tag deemed equivalent under the livestock identification and traceability program) which bears a unique number that follows the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 11784 standard format. More information may be found in Module 2.1 Identification of livestock. Animals improperly identified or that have lost their identification will be rejected upon arrival at the isolation facility of the centre and will be retested at the expense of the centre.

5. The herd of origin must not be subject to any quarantine, and the animals must be subject to the following test with negative results, unless otherwise specified, within the 60 days before entry into the isolation facility of the centre:

  1. TGE — (serum) SN or ELISA test

    In the event of a positive reaction to the SN test, the laboratory conducts an ELISA test; if the ELISA test is negative, the animal is eligible to remain in the centre.

6. A CFIA/ACIA 1634 Certificate of Health for Entry into a Semen Production Centre must accompany the animal to the isolation facility of the centre. (Refer to paragraph 11 in Module 10.1 for distribution details.) The boars are moved directly from the premises of origin to the designated facility of an approved production centre.

Isolation Health Requirements of Semen Donor Boar
(For Distribution in Canada only)

7. All qualifying and testing procedures associated with the assessment of the isolation health status of semen donor boars may be performed by a veterinarian who is authorized to perform these functions as an accredited veterinarian.

8. All animals presented for entry as additions to the resident herd of a semen production centre must undergo a minimum period of 30 days in an isolation facility maintained by the centre; the isolation period may begin when all animals are present in the isolation facility.

9. An animal is to be considered eligible for entry into isolation only if a certificate of health completed by an accredited veterinarian as stated in Number 6, accompanies the animal to the centre.

10. An identification check is conducted on each animal against the certificate of health presented by the centre. Animals improperly identified, that have lost their identification or that are not listed on the health certificate (1634) will be rejected upon arrival at the isolation facility of the centre. They may be retested at the expense of the centre or removed before the isolation period may begin.

11. All animals presented for entry as additions to the semen production centre must receive an injection of dihydrostreptomycin (25 mg per kg of body weight) or an alternate antibiotic at the dosage recommended by the manufacturer, as a preventive measure against leptospirosis.

12. While in the isolation facility and after a minimum of 30 days in isolation, the pre-entry test must be repeated with negative results, unless otherwise specified, as follows:

  1. TGE — (serum) SN test or ELISA test

    In the event of a positive reaction to the SN test, the laboratory would conduct the ELISA test; if the ELISA test is negative, the animal would be eligible to remain in the centre.

13. If a suspicious or positive reaction were reported during the pre-entry isolation testing regime, the individual animal would be removed from the group. The remaining animals must not be released for entry into the production centre until either the suspect animal has been confirmed negative or removed from isolation, and the negative status of the remaining animals is reconfirmed for the disease in question.

14. Removal of donors from isolation, either to enter the resident herd following testing (referred to under Number 12 in this module) or to leave the centre, must be done only with the permission of the accredited veterinarian.

15. A boar resident in a semen production centre for distribution in Canada does not qualify to enter the isolation facility of an export semen production centre. Such a resident boar must comply with the pre-entry requirements for export eligible semen to enter the isolation facility of an export eligible semen production centre. (Refer to "Export Eligible Semen" section in this module.)

Owner's Use Only Semen

16. Contact your district office for more information.

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