Frequently Asked Questions: Processed Products Regulations

The FAQs below are meant to provide Canadians and businesses with general information about the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's regulations.

1. What is the purpose of these regulations?

The Processed Products Regulations, under the authority of the Canada Agricultural Products Act, regulate the grading, packing and marking of processed products that are produced domestically for interprovincial or export trade or imported into Canada.

2. What are the key elements of these regulations?

Part I – Health and Safety: prohibits the marketing of any processed products in import, export or interprovincial trade except in accordance with the regulations. It allows a food product to be marketed in import, export or interprovincial trade as an animal food if it meets specified requirements. It authorizes an inspector to direct that a non-compliant food product be disposed of or destroyed.

Part I.1 – Grades and Standards: establishes the standards and grade names of certain processed products, and include standards respecting quality, aroma and flavour factors, as well as composition.

Part I.2 – Test Marketing: sets out requirements that a registered establishment or importer must meet in order to be granted an authorization to test market a food product that does not meet the requirements of the regulations.

Part II – Registration of Establishments and Operation and Maintenance of Registered Establishments: sets out requirements and conditions for the registration of an establishment and for the operation and maintenance of a registered establishment.

Part III – Packing: establishes requirements and standards for the packing of processed products into containers.

Part IV – Marking: sets out requirements for the labelling of food product containers.

Part V – Analysis, Inspection and Grading Services: governs requests to have a food product analyzed, inspected or graded.

Part VI to VIII – Exports, Interprovincial Trade, and Imports: sets out requirements with respect to the exporting, importing, and interprovincial trading of processed food products.

Part IX – Administration: regulates the seizure, detention, forfeiture and disposal of non-compliant products.

Schedules II to VI: establish specific standards for certain processed fruit and vegetable products, as well as standards for their packaging, labelling and container sizes.

3. How do these regulations affect Canadian businesses?

These regulations provide businesses with a set of specific requirements to promote uniformity and consistency in quality of processed food products through standards of identity and consistent labelling information. A language for trade is established for the exporting, importing and interprovincial trading of processed products. They also allow for the federal registration of establishments that prepare processed food products for import, export and interprovincial trade.

4. When did these regulations come-into-force?

The Processed Fruit and Vegetable Regulations came into force on July 24, 1961. On July 16, 1984, the title of those regulations was replaced by the Processed Products Regulations. Canned foods however, have been regulated since 1906.

5. Where can I get more information?

Please refer to the Processed Products section of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's website for more information.

Questions relating to processed products may be directed to the Food Safety Specialists at the CFIA regional office.

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