Frequently Asked Questions: Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations
The FAQs below are meant to provide Canadians and businesses with general information about the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's regulations.
1. What is the purpose of these regulations?
The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations, under the authority of the Canada Agricultural Products Act, regulate the safety, grading, packing and marking of fresh fruit and vegetables produced domestically and imported into Canada.
2. What are the key elements of these regulations?
Part I – Grades and Standards: sets out grade name and standard requirements for fresh fruit and vegetables.
Part I.1 – Health and Safety: Prohibits the marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables in import, export and interprovincial trade except in accordance with the regulations. Part I.1 also authorizes the Minister to exempt shipments from the application of the regulations in order to alleviate a shortage in Canada and allows him or her to authorize a test market of a product in certain circumstances.
Part II – Packaging and Labelling: sets out requirements for the packaging and labelling of fresh fruit and vegetables and includes declaration of net quantity.
Part III – Import and Interprovincial Trade: regulates the marketing of fresh fruit and vegetables in import and interprovincial trade.
Part VII – Inspection: allows persons to request inspection of produce to meet trade requirements.
Part VIII – Administration: governs seizure, detention, forfeiture and disposal actions taken by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.
Part X – Registration of Establishments and Operation and Maintenance of Registered Establishments: outlines requirements for registering an establishment, as well as conditions under which registration may be suspended or cancelled.
Schedule I: sets out grades and standards for specific fresh fruit and vegetable commodities grown in Canada.
3. How do these regulations affect Canadian businesses?
These regulations outline requirements for a Canadian business to import and interprovincially trade fresh fruit and vegetables, and create a language for trade.
4. When did these regulations come into force?
The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations came into force September 22, 1965. It is important to note however, that Canada has been regulating the trade of fruit and vegetable for over 100 years.
5. Where can I get more information?
Please refer to the Fresh Fruit and Vegetables section of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's website for more information.
Questions on marketing fresh fruit and vegetables may be directed to the CFIA Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Specialists at the CFIA regional office.
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